Mother Teresa, better known as Saint Teresa of Calcutta was born on 26th August 1910 as AnjezŽ Gonxhe Bojaxhiu at Skopje, in the Republic of Macedonia. At the young age of eighteen she moved to Ireland to learn English and then shifted to India in 1929 where she lived for most of her life.
In 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries. The congregation manages homes for people dying of HIV/ AIDs/ Leprosy and tuberculosis etc with dispensaries and mobile clinics, children's- and family-counselling programmes, orphanages and schools etc. According to her, Members who takes vows of chastity, poverty and obedience also profess a fourth vow: to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor". Teresa received a number of honours, including the 1962 Ramon Megasaysay Award for peace and international understanding and the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was awarded with 'Bharat Ratna', the top most civilian award in 1980 by the Govt of India. She was canonised/ recognised by the church as a Saint on 4th September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her Day of Feast.
Updated on: [October 11, 2018]